Latest News From The ICCO

The International Cocoa Council, meeting in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, on 12 April 2019 released the following communiqué:

THE INTERNATIONAL COCOA COUNCIL,
1. Acknowledging the contribution of the cocoa sector towards the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs); and taking into account the need to equally balance the economic, environmental and social pillars of the SDGs;

2. Considering that forests are indispensable for addressing the issue of climate change;

3. Considering that many ICCO exporting Members have in place national programs and policies aiming at fighting deforestation and favouring reforestation;

4. Noting that the agricultural sector is a major driver of deforestation and that the impact of cocoa is significant in certain deforestation hotspots;

5. Acknowledging that deforestation is a global issue that needs a global solution;

6. Taking note of the EU initiative on stepping up action against deforestation and forest degradation;

7. Considering that improvement in the revenues and the living conditions of cocoa farmers must be integrated in the policies aiming at fighting deforestation;

8. Recognising the importance of maintaining market access for cocoa exports to the European Union and sustainable consumption, and such initiatives shall not constitute a disguised restriction to international trade;

9. Considering that cocoa can actually play a key role in the process of forest restoration, given that cocoa’s growth environment favours agroforestry systems and the presence of shade trees;

10. Recalling that one recommendation of the Berlin Declaration is to end deforestation and promote forest protection and restoration;

11. Considering that one of the objectives of the International Cocoa Agreement (ICA), 2010 is to provide an appropriate framework for discussion on all cocoa matters among governments, and with the private sector as well as the civil society;

12. Further noting as per the terms of Article 43 of the International Cocoa Agreement (ICA), 2010, that Members shall make all necessary efforts to accomplish a sustainable cocoa economy;

13. After due consideration of the opinion of the Consultative Board on the World Cocoa Economy.


RESOLVES:
14. To task the ICCO Secretariat with taking all appropriate measures to establish a dialogue with the European Union and other ICCO importing Member countries, with the aim of setting up a platform enabling all relevant stakeholders within the world cocoa economy to join forces and scale up their common actions on the issue of deforestation;

15. To encourage ICCO Member countries to implement and contribute to enforce policies and practices that ensure environmental protection, including anti- deforestation and reforestation measures, soil protection, and agroforestry systems;

16. To encourage the European Union to strengthen its policy dialogue and cooperation with commodity-exporting countries by developing tailored approaches taking into consideration country-specific rural development challenges, such as forestry and rural land tenure legislations;

17. To remind the European Union that the cocoa ecosystem plays an important role in the reforestation of affected areas and to improve the natural equilibrium of its social and economic surroundings;

18. To strengthen the partnership with producing countries in order to support financially and technically the national policies and programs aiming at fighting deforestation;

 19. To work towards the improvement of farmers’ living conditions and productivity, as an avenue to reducing poverty in rural communities in the medium term, which will contribute to the efforts to tackle deforestation;

20. To encourage payments to producers for environmental services provided, within the framework of the fight against deforestation and actions towards reforestation;

21. To work with bilateral and multilateral partners as well as with its Members in order to mobilise financing for the implementation of policies and actions to protect forests and their rehabilitation.

The International Cocoa Council and subsidiary bodies, including the Consultative Board on the World Cocoa Economy, as well as the Economics and Administration and Finance Committees, will meet at the Heden Golf Hotel, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, 8 - 11 April 2019.

Provisional Timetable of Meetings, 8 - 11 April 2019, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire

ED(MEM) 1082/Rev.1

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Arrangements for the April 2019 meetings

ED(MEM) 1081

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French

Spanish

Russian


International Cocoa Council: Draft Agenda

ICC-99-1/Rev.1

English

French

Spanish

Russian


Administration and Finance Committee: Draft Agenda

AF-15-1

English

French

Spanish

Russian


Economics Committee: Draft Agenda

EC-13-1/Rev.1

English

French

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Consultative Board on the World Cocoa Economy: Draft Agenda

CB-38-1

English

French

Spanish

Russian

Abidjan, 28 February 2019--The International Cocoa Organization today released its first forecasts for the 2018/2019 cocoa year and revised estimates of world production, grindings and stocks of cocoa beans for 2017/2018, as summarized below. The data published in Issue No. 1 - Volume XLV - Cocoa year 2018/2019 of the Quarterly Bulletin of Cocoa Statistics reflect the most recent information available to the Secretariat as at the beginning of February 2019.

Summary of forecasts and revised estimates

Cocoa year
(Oct-Sep)
2017/2018 2018/2019 Year-on-year change
   Previous estimates a/ Revised estimates Forecasts  
  (thousand tonnes)   (Per cent)
World production 4 638 4 649
4 799
+ 150  + 3.2%
World grindings 4 570 4 594
4 712
+ 118  + 2.6%
Surplus/deficit b/ + 22   + 9
+ 39
   
           
End-of-season stocks 1 748 1 734
1 773
  + 39 + 2.2%
Stocks/Grindings ratio 38.2% 37.7% 37.6%    

Notes:
a/   Estimates published in Quarterly Bulletin of Cocoa Statistics, Vol. XLIII - No. 4 - Cocoa year 2017/2018
b/   Surplus/deficit: Net world crop (gross crop adjusted for loss in weight) minus grindings
Totals may differ due to rounding.

This issue of the Bulletin contains the Secretariat’s first forecasts for the 2018/2019 cocoa year, as well as data for the past four years of production and grindings of cocoa beans, detailed by country. In addition, the Bulletin includes comments on crop and demand prospects in the leading countries for the current season, the evolution of trade flow data estimated for major cocoa importing countries in Europe during the 2017/18 season and a review of price developments on international markets for cocoa beans during the October-December quarter of 2018. 

Statistical information on trade in cocoa beans, cocoa products and chocolate, by country and by region, published in this edition, covers annual data from 2014/2015 to 2016/2017 and quarterly statistics for the period October-December 2016 to April-June 2018. Details of origin of imports and destination of exports for leading cocoa importing countries are also provided. Historical statistics on cocoa trade and consumption, by country and by region, for the period 2008/2009 to 2016/2017 are presented for reference. 

Copies of the Quarterly Bulletin of Cocoa Statistics, including Microsoft Excel files and Adobe PDF format, can be ordered by completing and returning this form, or from the ICCO Secretariat at the address below:

International Cocoa Organization
06 P.O. Box 6891
Abidjan 06
Côte d'Ivoire

Tel:              +225 22 51 49 50/51
Fax:             +225 22 51 49 79
E-mail:         This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

London, 24 January 2019 - The ICCO Expert Working Group on Stocks (EWGS) met today, Thursday 24 January 2019 to review the level of world cocoa bean stocks. The EWGS is composed of experts in the cocoa field who meet once a year, at the invitation of the ICCO, to review and analyse the results of the ICCO’s annual survey of worldwide cocoa stocks. The survey has been conducted every year since 2000 and aims to improve transparency in the cocoa market.

Location of cocoa bean stocks 30 September 2017 30 September 2018

Difference

year-on-year

       
STOCKS IN COCOA IMPORTING COUNTRIES   1,241 1,125 -117
 Of which:      
Europe     744      664    -80 
Licensed US warehouse stocks     291    263  -28
       
STOCKS IN COCOA PRODUCING COUNTRIES     243    277   34
COCOA BEANS IN TRANSIT      87     79   -9

TOTAL ESTIMATED 

 

WORLD COCOA BEAN STOCKS  (ICCO Survey)

1,572 1,480 -91
Total world stocks (statiscally-derived) QBCS 1,726 1,748 22

 Totals and differences may differ due to rounding.

The result of the latest survey showed identifiable world cocoa bean stocks declined to 1.480 million tonnes as at the end of the 2017/18 cocoa year (30 September 2018). 76% of the stocks were located in cocoa importing countries, while 19% were held in cocoa producing countries and 5% were afloat as at 30 September 2018.

The level of world cocoa bean stocks identified by the ICCO survey was down by 91,000 tonnes compared to the previous year. This result differs from the statistically-derived estimate published by the ICCO in November 2018 in its latest Quarterly Bulletin of Cocoa Statistics (QBCS), which showed a small supply surplus of 22,000 tonnes for the 2017/18 cocoa season.

The EWGS now notes that a gap of 268,000 tonnes has developed between the annual survey of cocoa stocks held in warehouses worldwide and the ICCO’s statistically-derived stocks figure.

The review conducted by the EWGS during its meeting led to the conclusion that the survey results underestimate existing world stocks due to the expansion of stocks held in locations not reporting to the ICCO survey. The most significant area of unreported stock was identified as Asia. The ICCO Secretariat agreed to continue its efforts to increase transparency of stock levels in the region.

While the ICCO Secretariat maintains, so far, its supply surplus estimate of 22,000 tonnes for 2017/18 as published in its latest QBCS, it may revise that figure in its next Bulletin due at the end of February 2019, taking into account the outcome of this survey.

For more information, please contact Bérénice Bah, Editorial and Conference Officer, International Cocoa Organization, ICCO Building, II Plateaux ENA - Avenue Boga Doudou, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire; Tel: +225 22 51 49 50/51 | Fax: +225 22 51 49 79 | E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 

Abidjan, 30 November 2018--The International Cocoa Organization today releases its revised estimates, summarized below, of world production, grindings and stocks of cocoa beans for the 2017/2018 cocoa year. The data published in Issue No. 4 - Volume XLIV - Cocoa year 2017/2018 of the Quarterly Bulletin of Cocoa Statistics, reflect the most recent information available to the Secretariat as at the beginning of November 2018.

Summary of revised estimates

Cocoa year
(Oct-Sep)
2016/2017 2017/2018 Year-on-year change
   Revised
estimates
Previous
estimates a/
Revised
estimates
 
  (thousand tonnes)   (Per cent)
World production 4 740
4 645
4 638
- 102
- 2.2%
World grindings 4 397
4 568
4 570
+ 173
+ 3.9%
Surplus/deficit b/  + 296
   +31
   + 22
   
           
End-of-season stocks 1 726
1 757
1 748
+ 22
+ 1.3%
Stocks/Grindings ratio 39.3% 38.5% 38.2%    

Notes:
a/  Estimates published in Quarterly Bulletin of Cocoa Statistics, Vol. XLIV - No. 3 - Cocoa year 2017/2018
b/  Surplus/deficit: net world crop (gross crop adjusted for loss in weight) minus grindings
Totals may differ due to rounding..

This issue of the Bulletin contains the Secretariat’s revised estimates for the 2017/2018 cocoa year as well as data for the past four years of production and grindings of cocoa beans, detailed by country. The main features of the global cocoa market are illustrated in colour charts. In addition, the Bulletin includes comments on the crop and demand situation in the leading countries, and a review of price developments on international markets for cocoa beans during the 2017/2018 cocoa year.

Statistical information on trade in cocoa beans, cocoa products and chocolate, by country and by region, published in this edition, covers annual data from 2014/2015 to 2016/2017 and quarterly statistics for the period July-September 2016 to January-March 2018. Details of destination of exports and origin of imports for leading cocoa exporting countries are also provided. Historical statistics on cocoa trade and consumption, by country and by region, for the period 2008/2009 to 2016/2017 are presented for reference.

Copies of the Quarterly Bulletin of Cocoa Statistics, including Microsoft Excel files and Adobe PDF format, can be ordered by completing and returning this form, or from the ICCO Secretariat at the address below:

International Cocoa Organization
, ICCO Building, II-Plateaux ENA - Avenue Boga Doudou, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire
. Tel: +225 22 51 49 50/51
; Fax: +225 22 51 49 79; 
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Nigeria on 10 October 2018 acceded to the International Cocoa Agreement 2010, the United Nations Treaty Section has confirmed.

Click here to see the official notification of accession to the Agreement from the United Nations.

Abidjan, 4 October 2018 -- The Executive Director, Mr. Michel Arrion, on behalf of the International Cocoa Organization, has expressed sincere condolences to the Government and people of Indonesia, following the earthquake and tsunami that devastated parts of the island of Sulawesi in late September.

It appears as of this date that well over 1,500 people have been killed and many more injured, displaced or made homeless by the disaster. Besides the destruction and loss of life, it appears that infrastructure has been severely affected as well, where aid is most desperately needed.

The island of Sulawesi is the most important cocoa producing area in the country and many farmers could well be affected by the effects of the earthquake and tsunami.

The Organization would like to show its firm support to Indonesia, as an important Member country. The ICCO would also encourage all Member and Observer countries, as well as its partners in the cocoa and chocolate industry, to liaise with the Indonesian government in order to assist in any way possible.

Abidjan, 1 October 2018 — The International Cocoa Organization (ICCO), headquartered in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire, has announced the appointment of Mr. Michel Arrion as its new Executive Director.

A Belgian national, Mr. Arrion (pictured) is an EU civil servant who has served as Ambassador of the European Union in various African countries such as Nigeria, Rwanda and Côte d'Ivoire.

Mr. Arrion is looking forward to the opportunity to use his experience and knowledge of the cocoa sector to work with Producers and Consumers to surmount the challenges facing the sector.

Mr. Arrion was appointed by consensus at the late September meeting of the International Cocoa Council, the Organization’s governing body. He will serve a five-year term in the post.

The Organization is pleased to welcome Mr. Arrion and at the same time thank the outgoing Executive Director, Dr. Jean Marc Anga, for his service.

Abidjan, 31 August 2018--The International Cocoa Organization today released its revised forecasts for the current 2017/2018 cocoa year and revised estimates for 2016/2017 of world production, grindings and stocks of cocoa beans, summarized below. The data published in Issue No. 3 - Volume XLIV - Cocoa year 2017/2018 of the Quarterly Bulletin of Cocoa Statistics reflect the most recent information available to the Secretariat as at the beginning of August 2018.

Summary of revised forecasts and estimates

Cocoa year
(Oct-Sep)
2016/2017 2017/2018 Year-on-year change
   Revised
estimates
Previous
forecasts a/
Revised
forecasts
 
  (thousand tonnes)   (Per cent)
World production 4 739
4 587
4 645
   - 94  - 2.0%
World grindings 4 396
4 531
4 568
 + 172 + 3.9%
Surplus/deficit b/ + 296  + 10 + 31    
           
End-of-season stocks 1 726
1 737
1 757
+ 31  + 1.8%
Stocks/Grindings ratio 39.3% 38.3% 38.5%    

Notes:
a/   Estimates published in Quarterly Bulletin of Cocoa Statistics, Vol. XLIV - No. 2 - Cocoa year 2017/2018
b/   Surplus/deficit: net world crop (gross crop adjusted for loss in weight) minus grindings
Totals may differ due to rounding.

This issue of the Bulletin contains the Secretariat’s revised forecasts for the 2017/2018 cocoa year as well as data for the past four years of production and grindings of cocoa beans, detailed by country. The main features of the global cocoa market are illustrated in colour charts. In addition, it includes comments on crop and demand prospects in the leading countries for the current season, and a review of price developments on international markets for cocoa beans during the April-June quarter of 2018.

Statistical information on trade in cocoa beans, cocoa products and chocolate, by country and by region, published in this edition, covers annual data from 2014/2015 to 2016/2017 and quarterly statistics for the period April-June 2016 to October-December 2017. Details of origin of imports and destination of exports for leading cocoa importing countries are also provided. Historical statistics on cocoa trade and consumption, by country and by region, for the period 2008/2009 to 2016/2017 are presented for reference.

Copies of the Quarterly Bulletin of Cocoa Statistics, including Microsoft Excel files and Adobe PDF format can be ordered by completing and returning this form or from the ICCO Secretariat at the address below:

International Cocoa Organization
06 P.O. Box 6891
Abidjan 06
Côte d'Ivoire

Tel:              +225 22 51 49 50/51
Fax:             +225 22 51 49 79
E-mail:         This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The International Cocoa Council and subsidiary bodies, including the Consultative Board on the World Cocoa Economy, as well as the Economics and Administration and Finance Committees, will meet at the Heden Golf Hotel, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, 24 - 27 September 2018.

Provisional Timetable of Meetings, 24 - 27 September 2018, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire

ED(MEM) 1066/Rev.2

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French

Spanish

Russian


Arrangements for the September 2018 meetings

ED(MEM) 1067

English

French

Spanish

Russian


International Cocoa Council: Draft Agenda

ICC-98-1

English

French

Spanish

Russian


Administration and Finance Committee: Draft Agenda

AF-14-1

English

French

Spanish

Russian


Economics Committee: Draft Agenda

EC-12-1

English

French

Spanish

Russian


Consultative Board on the World Cocoa Economy: Draft Agenda

CB-37-1

English

French

Spanish

Russian

INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON COCOA RESEARCH 2017

PROCEEDINGS 

ACTES

ACTAS 

INTRODUCTION

Thematic 1: Genetics and Breeding

Thematic 2: Agronomy and cropping systems

Thematic 3: Pest and Diseases

Thematic 4: Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation

Thematic 5: Quality, flavor/sensory evaluation and post-harvest

Thematic 6: Cadmium contaminant and food safety

Thematic 7: Marketing, socio-economics, technology transfer and adoption

CONCLUSION

 

INTRODUCTION

The first edition of the International Symposium on Cocoa Research (ISCR 2017) was jointly organized by the International Cocoa Organization (ICCO) and the Government of Peru from 13 – 17 November 2017 at Swissôtel Hotel, Lima, Peru.

The objective of the symposium was to provide a platform for the cocoa community and scientists involved in cocoa research to brainstorm on the latest findings in research and foster greater research collaboration among researchers, as well to agree on priorities for collective action.

The general theme of the ISCR 2017 was “Promoting Advances in Research to Enhance the Profitability of Cocoa Farming”. In addition, the symposium focused on seven thematic areas as follows:

Thematic Area 1 (T1)      - Genetics and breeding

Thematic Area 2 (T2)      - Cocoa agronomy and cropping systems

Thematic Area 3 (T3)      - Pests and diseases

Thematic Area 4 (T4)      - Climate change adaptation and mitigation

Thematic Area 5 (T5)      - Quality, flavor/sensory evaluation and post-harvest

Thematic Area 6 (T6)      - Cadmium contaminant and food safety

Thematic Area 7 (T7)      - Marketing, socio-economics, technology transfer and adoption

All research papers presented at the Symposium were reviewed and evaluated by a Scientific Committee composed of the following members.

S/N Name Organization / Institution
1 Ms Brigitte Laliberté (Chairperson) Bioversity International, Rome, Italy
2 Dr Martin Gilmour Mars Global Chocolate, UK
3 Dr Franklin Manu Amoah Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG), Ghana
4 Professor Paul Hadley University of Reading, UK
5 Dr Verina Ingram Wageningen University, The Netherlands
6 Dr Soetanto Abdoellah

Indonesian Cocoa and Coffee Research Institute

(ICCRI), Indonesia

7 Dr Wilbert Phillips-Mora The Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center (CATIE), Costa Rica
8 Dr Nanga Coulibaly Conseil Café Cacao, Côte d’Ivoire
9 Dr Christian Cilas Centre de coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement (CIRAD), France
10 Professor Path Umaharan University of West Indies, Trinidad and Tobago
11 Professor David Guest The University of Sydney, Australia
12 Dr Michelle End Cocoa Research Association (CRA), UK
13 Dr Elizabeth Johnson Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA), Jamaica
14 Dr Siela Maximova The Pennsylvania State University, USA
15 Dr Carlos Leyva El Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Agraria (SENASA), Peru

Additional information on the Symposium can be found in the dedicated section of the ICCO website here.

The list of participants to the Symposium can be accessed via the following link: List of participants ISCR 2017.


Welcome Addresses and Speeches

Senor Jose Manuel Hernandez, Minister of Agriculture and Irrigation of Peru

Senor Jaime Salomon Salomon, Vice Minister of Agriculture and Irrigation

Senor Juan Jose Marcelo Risi Carbone, Secretary General, Minister of Agriculture and Irrigation

Dr Jean-Marc Anga, Executive Director of the ICCO (Opening Speech and Closing Speech)

Eng. Jorge Amaya Castillo, Director General, Ministry of Agriculture, and Chairman of the Local Organizing Committee for the ISCR 2017

 

Full Papers and Keynote Presentations

The full papers of the research results presented at ISCR 2017 can be found below. The papers are grouped by thematic areas. Click on the title of the paper to open the full document.

DISCLAIMER: The views expressed in the scientific papers, articles and presentations in these proceedings are that of the authors alone and not those of the International Cocoa Organization (ICCO).

Thematic 1: Genetics and Breeding

1. The future of cacao research: systems science in support of cacao farmers (Keynote presentation) - Mark Guiltinan

2. Exploration of the T. Cacao genome sequence to decipher the incompatibility system of Theobroma cacao and to identify diagnostic markers (Keynote presentation) - Claire Lanaud et al.

3. DNA profiling of cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) varieties in the Philippines using microsatellite marker R. R.C. Espino et al.

4. Potential of recurrent selection for developing improved cocoa varieties in Ghana - F.K. Padi et al. 

5. Mejoramiento genético de cacao en Colombia a través de selección varietal participativa - Nubia Martínez Guerrero et al. 

6. Caracterización morfoagronómica y molecular de la colección de cacao de la federación nacional de cacaoteros de Colombia - Nubia Martínez Guerrero et al. 

7. Identification of a core SNP panel for cacao identity and population analyses - A. Mahabir et al. 

8. Candidate SSR tags for fruit and seed traits of Theobroma cacao L. In the International Cocoa Genebank Trinidad -  L.A. Motilal et al. 

9. Assesing genetic diversity of cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) nativo Chuncho in la Convención, Cusco-Perú -W.H. Céspedes-Del Pozo et al

10. Clasificación intraespecífica de 14 árboles híbridos seleccionados de cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) mediante análisis de conglomerados en Tulumayo - P.V. García y L.F. García

11. Assessment of genetic quality of cacao seed gardens output using single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) markers - Pokou N. Desire et al. 

12. Genetic diversity and genetic structure of wild cacao collected in the oriente using single nucleotide polymorphisms - A. A. Sankar et al. 

13. Characterization biosystems and reproductive biology of Theobroma cacao L. In Puyango Tumbes binational basin -B. C. Garcia & F. E Alcocer

14. Comparative assessment of agronomical performances of six commercial cocoa varieties in on farm progeny trials in Cameroon - O. Sounigo et al. 

15. Assessing the impact of self-incompatibility on cocoa trees in Cameroon - Sounigo Olivier et al. 

16. Fitosanitización como estrategia principal de manejo integrado de enfermedades en cacao en el Perú: tres décadas y media de estudios de epidemiologia y eficiencia de control - Rolando A. Ríos-Ruiz et al. 

17. Participatory model of selection and installation of a seed garden of fine cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) "cacao amazonas Perú" in the amazon region (Peru) - R.Laura et al. 

18. Caracterisation morphologique et moléculaire de variétes de cacaoyer cultivées dans le département de la grand ’anse à Haïti - M. Boccara et al. 

19. The effect of pruning on photosynthetic rate of cacao trees in a novel cropping system - R.A.Susanti et al. 

20. The genomic selection of Theobroma cacao: a new strategy of marker assisted selection to improve breeding efficiency and predict useful traits in new populations - F. Ribeyre et al. 

21. Le phénotypage du cacaoyer : comment estimer la granulométrie des fèves de cacao ? - F. Doare et al. 

22. Adopting reference genotypes to identify off-types in cacao collections - The impacts of climate change variables on vegetative and reproductive development of six genotypes of cacao - F. Lahive et al.

23. Cacao genetic resources: policy options for enhanced exchange and benefit-sharing - Brigitte Laliberte and Michael Halewood

24. Second cycle de sélection récurrente du cacaoyer (Theobroma cacao L.) en Côte d’Ivoire : paramêtres génètiques chez les deux populations constitutives après treize années d’observation - G. M. Tahi et al.

25. Desarrollo de nichos específicos de cacao con alta productividad y calidad sensorial: experiencia ecuatoriana - R.G. Loor et al.

26. Understanding the genetic structure and parentage of the clonal series of cacao UF, CC, PMCT and ARF preserved in the international cacao collection at CATIE (IC3) - A. Mata-Quirós et al.

27. Avances en el estudio de las bases genéticas y organolépticas del cacao fino o de aroma en el Perú - J.A. Chia-Wong et al.

28. Identificación de árboles de cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) con potencial para el mejoramiento de los sistemas de producción en el sur de la Amazonía ecuatoriana - D. Calderón et al.

29. Assessment of variability and stability of pod productivity in cocoa hybrids after a decade of pod production in Nigeria - Adewale, B. et al.

Thematic 2: Agronomy and cropping systems

30. Agronomic challenges for productive and sustainable cocoa production: taking stock and perspectives (Keynote presentation) - Philippe Bastide, Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement (CIRAD), France

31.
Tree management in monocultures and agroforestry systems affect microclimatic growing conditions and fine-root growth (Keynote presentation) - Wiebke Niether, University of Gottingen, Germany

32. Media type and compost mixtures effect on growth and nutrient uptake of cocoa seedling at the nursery in Ghana - A. K. Quaye et al.

33. Construcción del modelo MNC (MUPV) V1 para la nutrición del cacao - R. Ramírez-Pisco et al.

34. A possible role of potassium in mediating cacao seedling responses to soil water stress - E. Djan et al.

35. Mapping cocoa productivity in Ghana, Indonesia and Côte d’Ivoire -  A.J. Daymond et al.

36. La poda y la producción de cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) - E.E, Gutierrez et al.

37. Agronomic implication of the competitive adsorption between NH4+ and K+ in a selected cocoa growing soil in Nigeria - Aikpokpodion Paul E

38. La sostenibilidad del cultivo de cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) y la respiraciòn del suelo en Colombia - A. Marín et al.

39. Acumulación y extracción de nutrientes en el cultivo del cacao (Theobroma Cacao l.) -  E.I. Leiva- Rojas, R. Ramírez- Pisco et al.

40. Dinámica estomática en cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) - C. Hernández et al.

41. Fenología en fase vegetativa del cacao una aproximación para el manejo inteligente del cultivo - Edwin Antonio Gutiérrez Rodríguez et al.

42. Evaluation of cacao in fruit tree species’ shade system in Ghana - M. O. Opoku-Agyeman et al.

43. Assessment of soil fertility status of cocoa farms around the Ankasa national park in the Jomoro district of the western region of Ghana - Arthur, A.A. et al.

44. Using integrated plant nutrient management strategy for sustainable and competitive cocoa production in Ghana - A. A. Afrifa et al.

45. Diversity of cocoa pollinators in Cameroon - Bagny Beilhe Leïla et al.

46. Caracterización de la comunidad microbiana cultivable presente en suelos cacaoteros en una zona productora de Colombia, como contribución al manejo de la fertilidad del suelo - H. A. Cordoba et al.

47. L'hétérogenéite de production entre cacaoyers en Afrique de l'Ouest et Centrale : réflexions sur des voies d'intensification de la culture cacaoyère africaine - T. Wibaux et al.

48. Business sustainability & improved soil and water management practices in cocoa production systems - L. T. Phelan

49. Selección de genotipos y/o accesiones de cacao silvestres y domesticados tolerantes a la acidez del suelo en el Perú - Arévalo-Gardini et al.

50. Traditional cacao agroforestry in central africa can provide both respectable yields and levels of ecosystem services -  S. Saj & P. Jagoret

51. Comparing productivity and profitability of agroforests and monocultures in Bolivia - L. Armengot et al.

52. Influence de la pollinisation sur le remplissage des cabosses du cacaoyer- influence of pollination on the number of beans per cacao pod - F. Ribeyre et al.

53. Conservacion de la viabilidad de la semilla de cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) mediante deshidratacion y conservacion en frio - L.F. García et al.

54. How habitat heterogeneity affects pollinator’s communities in cocoa-based agroforestry systems? - O. Deheuvels et al.

55. Participatory design of sustainable cocoa-based agroforestry systems – a methodological approach in the Dominican Republic - M. Notaro et al.

56. Modifying micro-environmental growing conditions for the cacao tree by shade tree pruning - W. Niether et al.

57. Importancia de la hojarasca en el cultivo de cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) - M. K. Mera  et al.

58. Establecimiento de un ensayo en sistemas agroforestales de cacao con diferentes niveles de manejo en la amazonía ecuatoriana - C. Subía et al.

59.
Dinámica hídrica del cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) - E.I. Leiva-Rojas et al.

60. Cocoa vegetative propagation in Nigeria: a search for other suitable rootstock clones - 
Adewale, B. et al.

61. Influence of agroforestry systems with cacao on soil properties (physical, chemical and microbiological) in Peruvian Amazon - Enrique Arévalo-Gardini et al.

62. Poda coronal en el manejo integrado de la moniliasis en cacao criollo - I. Cortes

Thematic 3: Pests and Diseases

63. A review on the effect of climate change on cacao pests and diseases (Keynote presentation) - Julie Flood, Centre for Agriculture and Biosciences International (CABI), UK

64. Estructura poblacional y dinámica espacial y temporal de la monilia en diferentes ambientes - Y. Jaimes et al.

65. Reassessment of the temporal distribution and damage of Bathycoelia thalassina (Herrich-Schaeffer) on cocoa in Ghana - G. K. Awudzi et al.

66. Variable detection of cacao swollen shoots disease-associated badnaviruses by PCR amplification -  G.A. Ameyaw et al.

67. Rat and squirrel management using wire mesh trap in cocoa area at CRDC Tawau and Madai Sabah Malaysia - Meriam M.Y

68. Safe movement of cocoa germplasm - A.J. Daymond et al.

69. Estado fitosanitario en la producción de cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) en la región de Huánuco (Perú): incremento del impacto de Carmenta foraseminis Eichlin - O.E. Cabezas et al.

70. Habitat adaptation and population of nymphal and adult stages of two cocoa mirid species (Distantiella Theobroma [DIST.] and Sahlbergella singularis Hagl.) - R. Adu-Acheampong et al.

71. Trichoderma asperellum PR11 soil treatments for phytophthora megakarya control - Ten Hoopen et al.

72. On the use of mathematical modelling to study the impact of phytosanitation on cocoa black pod disease caused by phytophthora megakarya - C. Nembot et al.

73.
Molecular genomic diversity of previously undescribed cacao swollen shoot badnaviruses in Nigeria - L. Dongo et al.

74. Selección de genotipos de cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) de alto rendimiento y con tolerancia a las principales enfermedades que afectan al cultivo en Ecuador - Ignacio Sotomayor Cantos et al.

75. A next generation sequencing approach to elucidate CSSV species profiles - Emmanuelle Muller et al.

76. Impact of climate change on timing and frequency of fungicide application for the control of phytophthora pod rot of cacao in Nigeria - Agbeniyi S.O. et al.

77. Fitosanitización como estrategia principal de manejo integrado de enfermedades en cacao en el Perú: tres décadas y media de estudios de epidemiologia y eficiencia de control - Rolando A. Ríos-Ruiz

78. Combining field epidemiological information and genetic diversity to understand phytophthora megakarya dispersion in young cocoa plantations in Cameroon - Ndoungué Djeumekop M. M et al.

79. Comportamiento de los clones de cacao de la colección del ICT frente a Moniliophthora roreri en Tarapoto, Peru - Enrique Arévalo-Gardini et al.

80. Rapid and cost effective ‘on-site’ detection of cacao swollen-shoot virus (CSSV) - JM.Barnett et al.

81. Monitoring pest and diseases under different production systems in a long-term trial in Bolivia - L. Armengot et al.

82. La chenille Achaea catocaloides Guenee (Lepidoptera ; Erebidae), une nouvelle menace pour la cacaoculture en Côte d’Ivoire - W. P. N’Guessan et al.

83. Generation of cacao clones with durable resistant against frosty pod rot (Moniliophthora roreri (cif. & par.) Evans et al.) - W. Phillips-Mora et al.

84. Effects of microclimatic variables on the onset of symptoms and signs of Moniliophthora roreri for three cacao clones in a range of incomplete resistance - M.E. Leandro-Muñoz et al.


Thematic 4: Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation

85. Overview of advances in cacao and climate change research and future perspectives (Keynote presentation) - Paul Hadley University of Reading (UOR), UK

86. Evaluation of the vulnerability of cocoa farmers to climate change and their coping strategies in Nigeria - Justina O. Lawal et al.

87. Impact of drought on morphological, physiological and nutrient use efficiency of elite cacao genotypes from Bahia-Brazil, Tarapoto-Peru and Puerto Rico-USA - V. C. Baligar et al.

88. Climate variability, deforestation and cocoa production shifts in Ghana. a threat or a source of innovation? - F. Ruf

89. Crecimiento y desarrollo del cultivo del cacao en bosque húmedo premontano (BH-PM) y bosque húmedo tropical (BH-T) influenciado por el fenómeno del niño - I.C. Urueta et al.

90. Global climate change impacts on cocoa - Christian Bunn et al.

91. The impacts of climate change variables on vegetative and reproductive development of six genotypes of cacao - F. Lahive et al.

92. Exploring cacao genetic diversity for resilience to climate change – validating or contradicting current predictive models of production suitability V. Medina et al. 

93. Reciprocal effects of soil moisture dynamics and land-use systems with cacao in alto Beni, Bolivia - W. Niether et al. 

94. Evaluación de los requerimientos hídricos actuales y futuros, bajo escenarios de cambio climático en cultivos de cacao en el municipio de Nilo, Cundinamarca. Colombia - P. Bermeo et al. 

95. Fertiriego en el cultivo de cacao alternativa de mitigacion ante el cambio climatico para la region Ucayali - A. Camacho et al.

Thematic 5: Quality, flavour / sensory evaluation and post-harvest

96. Elements of a harmonized international standard for cocoa flavour assessment and evidence of evidence for applying the concept of “terroir” in cocoa flavour and quality attributes (Keynote presentation) - Darin Sukha, University of The West Indies (UWI), Trinidad And Tobago

97. A preliminary investigation into the effect of variety on the chemical composition of cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) pulp - R.K. Kalloo et al. 

98. Advances on genetical and naturally induced variations for fine flavors and aromas in Theobroma cacao - A.B. Eskes et al. 

99. Adaptation du processus de fermentation aux contraintes locales. Application au cacao du Sambirano de Madagascar F. Davrieux et al. 

100Comparison of the drying behavior of fermented cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) beans dried in a cocoa house, greenhouse and mechanical oven Saheeda Mujaffar et al. 

101. Sensing cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) beans fermentation by electronic nose system - Juzhong Tan et al. 

102. The impact of pollen donor on flavor in cocoa - Darin A. Sukha et al. 

103. Evidence for applying the concept of “terroir” in cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) flavour and quality attributes -  Darin A. Sukha et al. 

104. Desarrollo e implementación de un prototipo de acero inoxidable para evaluar el proceso de fermentación de granos de cacao - W. Ipanaqué  et al. 

105. Desarrollo e implementación de un software utilizando sistemas embebidos para el proceso de fermentación de cacao y su monitoreo remoto a través de web - W. Ipanaqué et al. 

106Aislamiento e identificacion de microorganismos presentes durante el proceso de fermentacion de Theobroma cacao L., variedad Chuncho del Cuzco - L.G. Salazar et al. 

107. Quality profile of Peruvian dark chocolate: a preliminary approach - R.A. Mejía, Ruiz et al. 

108.Two molecules newly identified by mass spectrometry in fermented cocoa beans impact chocolate sensory quality - Noémie Fayeulle et al. 

109. Fermentation progression and quality attributes of Trinitario and Refractario cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) hybrid groups at the international cocoa genebank trinidad (ICGT) – opportunities for genetic branding - N.A. Ali et al.

110. Celebrating high quality cocoa production and diversity of flavours around the world – key lessons learnt from 6 editions since its creation in 2009 - B. Laliberté et al. 

111. The use of chloroplast markers for the traceability of certified sustainably produced cacao (Theobroma cacao) in the chocolate industry - P. Lafargue Molina et al. 

112. Chemical study and antioxidant activity of Piura´s white cocoa - J. Blancas et al. 

113. Sensory and GC-O analyses of cocoa and chocolate along the cocoa production chain - S. Nottelmann et al. 

114.Physiological response in beans of three cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) cultivars to micro-environmental growing conditions in cacao agroforestry systems and monocultures under conventional and organic management  W. Niether et al. 

115. Creando sistemas prácticos e inclusivos para el análisis sensorial del cacao J. Baumgartner et al. 

116. Colecta y estudio de las caracteristicas morfologicas y organolepticas en fruta fresca y licor de arboles de cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) con atributos de poseer caracteristicas de fino y de aroma R.P. Saavedra-Arbildo et al. 

117. Chemical-nutritional profile and antioxidant activity of the couverture chocolate of the Peruvian chocolate factory la Ibérica G. Bobadilla et al. 

118. New resistant cocoa selections from Costa Rica have fine aroma potential - E. Hegmann et al. 

119. Optimization of the cocoa beans (Theobroma cacao L.) fermentation – the impact of a pre-fermentation beans exposure on fermentation time and final flavor - B. Bimont et al. 

120. Cacao fino y de aroma: una alternativa para la agroexportacion - V. Vargas y M. Vásquez

            Thematic 6: Cadmium contaminant and food safety

121. Mitigation of cadmium bioaccumulation in cacao through soil remediation (Keynote presentation)Gideon Ramtahal, The University of The West Indies, Trinidad And Tobago

122. Health risk assessment of selected heavy metals in some imported chocolates sold in southwestern, Nigeria - Aikpokpodion Paul E. and Asowata F.E 

123. Niveles de cadmio en el chocolate: NM y ECA, sí; OTC, no. - Santiago Pastor Soplin

124. Efecto del tratamiento con 3 cepas de streptomicetos en la acumulación de cadmio en plantas de Theobroma cacao L -A.G. Revoredo, J. Hurtado 

125. "Cocoasafe": capacity building and knowledge sharing in sps in cocoa in South East Asia and the Pacific J. Crozier et al. 

126.Metales pesados en suelos, hojas y granos de zonas cacaoteras del Peru Arévalo-Hernández et al. 

127. Acumulación de cadmio en seis genotipos de cacao utilizados como patrón Chupillon-Cubas et al. 

128. Microorganismos cultivables asociados a cadmio (CD) presentes en suelos cacaoteros de los municipios de Yacopí y Nilo, como estrategia de biorremediación - J. Cáceres, E. Torres

Thematic 7: Marketing, socio-economics, technology transfer and adoption

129. From labour demand to business prospects for rural youth a study in the Fanteakwa district of Ghana (Keynote presentation) F. Amon-Armah et al 

130. Shocks and factors influencing welfare among cocoa farming households in cross-rivers state, Nigeria - Lawal, J.O. et al. 

131.Factors influencing the use of labour saving technologies on cocoa farms in Nigeria - Lawal, J.O. et al 

132Commitments vs flexibility regarding take-up of pension savings accounts: a randomised control trial on cocoa farmers in Ghana D. Kos; R. B. W. Lensink

133.State of Pará, Brazil: an option for the global supply of cocoa F.A.T. Mendes

134.The impacts of cocoa sustainability initiatives in West Africa - Verina Ingram et al. 

135Farmers’ knowledge and utilization of CRIG recommended technologies and perceptions of government policies to enhance cocoa productivity M. Asamoah et al. 

136.A typology of young cocoa farmers in Ghana - attitudes, motivation and aspirations F. Amon-Armah et al. 

137.Analysis of cocoa beans processing and quality in post-harvest in South East Sulawesi in Indonesia Schaad, N. and Fromm, I

138.Análisis de factibilidad técnica-económica para la obtención de pulpa congelada de cacao empleando un sistema de colecta semiautomático: caso de estudio “cooperativa agroindustrial y de servicios” D. Luján, M. Solís

139. Instituto de Cultivos Tropicales-ICT, technological advances and effective solutions to increase cocoa productivity and minimize the impact of climate change in Peru - Enrique Arévalo-Gardini

140. Scaling pathways for a climate smart cocoa sector - Christian Bunn et al. 

141. The INCOCOA website and virtual library improving information sharing within the cocoa research community - M.J. End and C.J. Turnbull

142.Development of a decision support framework for the rehabilitation and sustainable intensification of cocoa production on small holder farms Nicholas Cryer et al. 

143.Towards a living income calculation for cocoa households in Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire - F. Hütz-Adams et al. 

144.Cocoanext - the nexus of stakeholders for cocoa research dissemination and sharing A. A. Sankar and P. Umaharan

145The importance of cocoa in a diversified farm A. Laven et al. 

146.Intensification of cocoa in the Peruvian amazon: gender relations and options for deeper engagement by women Trent Blare, Jason Donovan

147.Turning the chocolate business upside down! case story of a Swiss chocolate company co-owned by Peruvian farmers N. Porchet, C. Nordmann, M.Castillo

148.  Análisis de la adopción de tecnología de producción de cacao en Nilo y Yacopí (Cundinamarca – Colombia) - J. C. Barrientos, W. A. Gómez G

149.Direct partnership on cocoa processing in Papua island, Indonesia for improving farmers’ access to Japan market Diany Faila Sophia Hartatri and Hendy Firmanto

150.Determinantes de la productividad en pequeños productores de cacao de las regiones de San Martín, Huánuco y Ucayali (SM/H/U): una aproximación exploratoria al modelo tecnológico de productividad en estas regiones  - J. Alvarado, J. Iturrios

151.Design and implementation of a global collaborative framework on cacao genetic resources: incentives, constraints and institutional structures - Selim Louafi et al. 

152.Costos y distribución temporal de la inversión para el mejoramiento genético y desarrollo de una variedad clonal de cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) de alta productividad -- Costs and temporary distribution of investment for the genetic improvement and development of a variety clonal cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) high productivity T.J. Casanova et al. 

153.Constraints to youth involvement in cocoa production in Nigeria - O. O. Oduwole et al. 


CONCLUSIONS

The International Symposium on Cocoa Research (ISCR 2017) attracted over 500 participants from 37 countries and institutions. It registered 90 scientific presentations and 100 poster exhibitions covering several topics of relevance to the global cocoa sector. Over 5 days, experts from various scientific fields exchanged views on the progress achieved in cocoa research.

The symposium agreed on a set of key recommendations to accelerate the pace of development in the global cocoa sector, in particular as relevant to cocoa research. Climate change adaptation and mitigation, food safety and Cadmium in particular were identified as major growing concerns for the cocoa sector that needed to be addressed urgently.

The symposium emphasized the need to have more innovative platforms to better share information on cocoa research and to make results of that research easily accessible to all cocoa stakeholders, particularly cocoa farmers who should be the main focus and recipients of the said results. The detailed recommendations can be found via the following link: Report of the Scientific Committee ISCR 2017.

The ICCO Secretariat expresses its sincere gratitude to the Government of Peru for hosting the symposium and to Mars Chocolate UK Limited and Cocoa Research (UK) for their generous financial support that has contributed immensely to the success of the symposium. It thanks, in particular, the scientists, government officials, company representatives and other participants for their active contributions.

We all look forward to the next edition of the symposium at a date and place to be announced.

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